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人教版(新目标)初中英语九年级下册Unit 9(2)

  1. along with
英语学习
  along with是介词短语,意为“连同……一起”,与together with同义。如果句子的主语为单数,后接 along with等介词短语时,谓语用单数。例如:
  He sent the books along with other things.
  我把一些书和其他东西一起寄走了。
  The apple,along with some grapes,has gone bad.
  苹果,还有葡萄,都变质了。
  【拓展】
  单数主语即使后面带有由with, along with, together with, like, but, except, besides, as wellas, more than, no less than, rather than等引导的短语,谓语动词仍用单数。例如:
  Air as well as water is matter. 空气和水都是物质。
  My friend said everyone except Tom and Jim was there then.
  我的朋友说那时除了汤姆和吉姆大家都在那儿。
  2. prefer
  (1)prefer是及物动词,意思是“更喜欢、比较喜欢”,相当于like better。例如:
  Which do you prefer(=like better),rice or bread?
  你比较喜欢哪一样,米饭还是面包?
  (2)由prefer构成的短语:
  1)preferA to B意为“喜欢A胜过B、比起B来更喜欢A”,此短语中A和B的形式一样,可以是名词、代词或者动名词,但必须两个词形式统一。例如:
  We prefer apples to oranges.
  比起桔子来我们更喜欢苹果。
  My grandma prefers taking a walk to sitting in front of the TV.
  我奶奶宁愿去散步而不愿看电视。
  2)prefer to do something rather than do something 宁愿做某事,而不愿意做某事.此短语中prefer 的后面用动词不定式,than的后面用省略to的动词不定式。例如:
  They prefer to stay at home and watch TV, rather than go out for a walk.
  他们宁愿呆在家里看电视,也不愿意出去散步。
  3. too many &toomuch
  (1)too many 意为“太多,大量的”,后跟可数名词复数。例如:
  There are too many books in theroom. You can choose any one to read.
  房间里有太多的书了,你可以选择任何一本来读。
  The boy has too many questions toask.
  那个男孩有太多的问题要问。
  (2)too much作形容词,意为“许多,大量”,后接不可数名词;用作副词,修饰动词。例如:
  I ate too much meat. I’mfat. 我吃太多肉了,我胖了。
  Watching TV too much is bad for your eyes.
  看电视太多对你的眼睛不好。
  4. stick
  (1)stick作名词,意为“棍,棒,拐杖等”。例如:
  The old man has to walk with a walking stick.
  那个老人得靠拐杖走路。
  (2)stick 作动词,意为“刺;粘贴;卡住”。例如:
  The needle stuck her in the hand. 针扎了她的手。
  Remember to stick a stamp on envelope. 记住在信封上贴张邮票。
  The car was stuck in the mud. 那辆车陷在泥里了。
  【拓展】
  (1)stick to 意为“坚持,信守”。例如:   Young people should not stick to old>  年轻人不应该拘泥于旧说, 要勇于创新。
  (2)stick out意为“伸出,突出”。例如:
  She stuck out her foot and tripped him over.
  她伸出脚把他绊倒。
  5. cheer
  (1)cheer 作不及物动词,意为“欢呼;喝彩”。例如:
  We couldn’t help cheering when we won the final.
  当我们赢得决赛时我们不禁欢呼起来。
  (2)cheer...up 意为“使……高兴起来;使……振奋起来”。例如:
  The whole audience stood up and cheered them up.
  所有的观众全部起立并大声欢呼。
  Let’s cheer him up.让我们使他振奋起来。
  (3)cheer on意为“为……加油;为……打气”。
  We all cheered them on loudly. 我们大声地为他们加油。
  6. like
  (1)like 作动词,意为“喜欢,想要”,反义词是dislike或hate。后面可以跟名词,动词不定式或者动名词等。例如:
  I’d like some noodles. 我想吃些面条。
  My father likes watching TV after supper.
  我爸爸喜欢在晚饭后看电视。
  She likes flowers very much. 她很喜欢花。
  【注意】like后跟todo 时,表示“某一次的喜好或者倾向”;后跟doing时,表示一贯的习惯或者爱好。例如:
  She likes doing her homework after supper, but today she likes to watch TV.
  她晚饭后一般喜欢做作业,但是今天她想看电视。
  (2)like作介词,意为“如同,像”,反义词是unlike。用于“be like +名词或代词”时,意为“像……”;构成“look like”时,意为“看起来与……相像”。例如:
  The baby is like his mother. 这个小婴儿长得像他妈妈。
  He looks like a teacher. 他看上去像个老师。
  7. plenty of
  (1)plenty of 意为“大量的,充足的”,相当于alot of, 既可与可数名词连用,又可与不可数名词连用。例如:
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